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Lismore Session 1 Session 1

Unit Summary

Unit type

UG Coursework Unit

Credit points

12

AQF level

7

Level of learning

Advanced

Unit aim

Builds on the knowledge gained in human physiology, physiological pathology as well as in the nutrition units to gain a deeper understanding of human physiology as it relates to nutrient requirements, intake, assimilation and utilisation in health and disease.

Unit content

Overview, revision and extension of knowledge of all physiological systems with emphasis on absorption and elimination

  • The digestive process in health and disease
  • The absorptive process in health and disease
  • Elimination of waste products

Metabolism of nutrients

  • Absorption pathways of nutrients, including across the blood-brain barrier
  • Nutrient metabolism in the liver
  • Fluid regulation
  • Tissue pH regulation

Energy production and balance

  • The adipocyte as an endocrine organ
  • Hunger, appetite and satiety
  • Fasting versus starvation
  • Under-nutrition and anorexia

Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics

  • Gene organisation, regulation, expression and damage
  • Polymorphisms

Impact of nutrition on physiological systems

  • Over-nutrition and obesity/insulin resistance
  • Drug-nutrient interactions
  • Endocrine, hepato-biliary, gastrointestinal and urinary systems

Learning outcomes

Unit Learning Outcomes express learning achievement in terms of what a student should know, understand and be able to do on completion of a unit. These outcomes are aligned with the graduate attributes. The unit learning outcomes and graduate attributes are also the basis of evaluating prior learning.

GA1: , GA2: , GA3: , GA4: , GA5: , GA6: , GA7:
On completion of this unit, students should be able to: GA1 GA2 GA3 GA4 GA5 GA6 GA7
1 review the physiological processes that govern digestion, absorption, assimilation and utilisation of nutrients and elimination of waste products in a healthy body and interpret them in the context of inadequate nutrient supply, common pathological conditions of the gastrointestinal tract and drug-nutrient interactions.
2 discuss nutritional factors that influence the physiology of each body system and examine the utilisation, balance and/or storage of nutrients in body fluids and the liver.
3 critically discuss energy production and balance, hunger and satiety regulation and the physiological changes occurring in relation to nutrient intake and utilisation in fasting starvation, anorexia and obesity.
4 correlate type and quality of nutrient intake and utilisation to digestive and absorptive capacity, pH balance of body fluids (esp. blood, urine), the endocrine system and health outcomes.
5 explain the effects of polymorphisms in regard to metabolic and physiologic function regarding nutrient demands, the ability to digest and absorb food and susceptibility to various diseases.
6 observe, record, assess and discuss physiological and pathophysiological data using case studies.

On completion of this unit, students should be able to:

  1. review the physiological processes that govern digestion, absorption, assimilation and utilisation of nutrients and elimination of waste products in a healthy body and interpret them in the context of inadequate nutrient supply, common pathological conditions of the gastrointestinal tract and drug-nutrient interactions.
    • GA1:
    • GA4:
  2. discuss nutritional factors that influence the physiology of each body system and examine the utilisation, balance and/or storage of nutrients in body fluids and the liver.
    • GA1:
    • GA4:
  3. critically discuss energy production and balance, hunger and satiety regulation and the physiological changes occurring in relation to nutrient intake and utilisation in fasting starvation, anorexia and obesity.
    • GA1:
    • GA4:
  4. correlate type and quality of nutrient intake and utilisation to digestive and absorptive capacity, pH balance of body fluids (esp. blood, urine), the endocrine system and health outcomes.
    • GA1:
    • GA4:
  5. explain the effects of polymorphisms in regard to metabolic and physiologic function regarding nutrient demands, the ability to digest and absorb food and susceptibility to various diseases.
    • GA1:
    • GA4:
  6. observe, record, assess and discuss physiological and pathophysiological data using case studies.
    • GA1:
    • GA2:
    • GA4:

Prescribed texts

  • This is the latest edition of the text. It is also available as an ebook: Nelms, M & Sucher, KP, 2015, Nutrition Therapy and Pathophysiology, 3rd edn, Cengage, Belmont, CA. ISBN: 9781305111967.
  • This is the old edition, but will still be OK this year. It is available in the Library: 615.854 NUTR: Nelms, M, Sucher, KP, Lacey, K & Roth, SL, 2011, Nutrition Therapy and Pathophysiology, 2nd edn, Wadsworth: Cengage Learning, Belmont, CA. ISBN: 9781439049624.
Prescribed texts may change in future teaching periods.