Availabilities:

Location Domestic International

Unit Summary

Unit type

UG Coursework Unit

Credit points

12

AQF level

7

Level of learning

Introductory

Pre-requisites

BIO00307 - Human Physiology BIO01202 Anatomy and Physiology II

Unit aim

Introduces basic chemical and biochemical concepts focused on providing students with an understanding of the molecular basis of physiological processes. The unit covers the basics of carbohydrate, amino acid and lipid metabolism and the effects of exercise on the regulation of these metabolic pathways via hormones, enzymes and gene expression.

Unit content

  • Introduction to atomic and molecular structure and chemical properties and bonding
  • Overview of functional groups in organic chemistry, the properties of water and acid/base equilibria
  • Amino acids, protein structure, and functions 
  • Enzymes, coenzymes, cofactors
  • The Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) cycle in response to exercise
  • Structure, function and metabolism of carbohydrates and response to exercise
  • Structure, functions and metabolism of lipids and response to exercise

Learning outcomes

Unit Learning Outcomes express learning achievement in terms of what a student should know, understand and be able to do on completion of a unit. These outcomes are aligned with the graduate attributes. The unit learning outcomes and graduate attributes are also the basis of evaluating prior learning.

GA1: Intellectual rigour, GA2: Creativity, GA3: Ethical practice, GA4: Knowledge of a discipline, GA5: Lifelong learning, GA6: Communication and social skills, GA7: Cultural competence
On completion of this unit, students should be able to: GA1 GA2 GA3 GA4 GA5 GA6 GA7
1 describe the physical and chemical characteristics of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids and relate this to their function and organisation within the human body Intellectual rigour Knowledge of a discipline
2 explain the significance of protein enzyme catalysed reactions in living systems and examine enzyme kinetics in cellular respiration Intellectual rigour Knowledge of a discipline
3 discuss the metabolic pathways that relate to the storage and production of cellular energy from carbohydrates, lipids and proteins and apply these to the changes in energy demand during exercise Intellectual rigour Knowledge of a discipline
4 describe the regulation of cellular respiration and relate this to changes in energy demand during exercise of different intensities Intellectual rigour Knowledge of a discipline
5 discuss cellular and metabolic adaptations and the inflammatory process due to exercise particularly in relation to adipocytes and muscle fibres Intellectual rigour Knowledge of a discipline
6 collect, interpret and present biochemical experimental data in a laboratory report and be able to critically discuss the findings. Intellectual rigour Knowledge of a discipline

On completion of this unit, students should be able to:

  1. describe the physical and chemical characteristics of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids and relate this to their function and organisation within the human body
    • GA1: Intellectual rigour
    • GA4: Knowledge of a discipline
  2. explain the significance of protein enzyme catalysed reactions in living systems and examine enzyme kinetics in cellular respiration
    • GA1: Intellectual rigour
    • GA4: Knowledge of a discipline
  3. discuss the metabolic pathways that relate to the storage and production of cellular energy from carbohydrates, lipids and proteins and apply these to the changes in energy demand during exercise
    • GA1: Intellectual rigour
    • GA4: Knowledge of a discipline
  4. describe the regulation of cellular respiration and relate this to changes in energy demand during exercise of different intensities
    • GA1: Intellectual rigour
    • GA4: Knowledge of a discipline
  5. discuss cellular and metabolic adaptations and the inflammatory process due to exercise particularly in relation to adipocytes and muscle fibres
    • GA1: Intellectual rigour
    • GA4: Knowledge of a discipline
  6. collect, interpret and present biochemical experimental data in a laboratory report and be able to critically discuss the findings.
    • GA1: Intellectual rigour
    • GA4: Knowledge of a discipline

Prescribed texts

  • I strongly recommend that you invest in a copy of this text. It is really straightforward and accessible. Weekly readings are based on this book: Mougios, V, 2006, Exercise Biochemistry, Human Kinetics, Illinois, USA. ISBN: 13:9780736056380.
Prescribed texts may change in future study periods.