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Lismore Session 2 Session 2

Unit Summary

Unit type

UG Coursework Unit

Credit points

12

AQF level

7

Level of learning

Introductory

Pre-requisites

BIO00307 - Human Physiology BIO01202 Anatomy and Physiology II

Unit aim

Introduces basic chemical and biochemical concepts focused on providing students with an understanding of the molecular basis of physiological processes. The unit covers the basics of carbohydrate, protein and lipid metabolism, the role of enzymes and the effects of exercise on these metabolic pathways and gene expression.

Unit content

Topic 1: Introduction to atomic and molecular structure and chemical properties
Topic 2: Overview of functional groups in organic chemistry and the properties of water
Topic 3: Amino acids, protein structure, functions and biosynthesis
Topic 4: Enzymes, coenzymes, and reaction kinetics
Topic 5: Structure, function and metabolism of carbohydrates
Topic 6: Structure, functions and metabolism of lipids
Topic 7: Metabolism, bioenergetics and the ATP cycle
Topic 8: Other molecules essential to human systems: nucleic acids, minerals and vitamins
Topic 9: The role of inflammation in muscle cell metabolism and adaptations due to exercise

Learning outcomes

Unit Learning Outcomes express learning achievement in terms of what a student should know, understand and be able to do on completion of a unit. These outcomes are aligned with the graduate attributes. The unit learning outcomes and graduate attributes are also the basis of evaluating prior learning.

GA1: , GA2: , GA3: , GA4: , GA5: , GA6: , GA7:
On completion of this unit, students should be able to: GA1 GA2 GA3 GA4 GA5 GA6 GA7
1 describe the physical and chemical characteristics of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids and relate this to their function and organisation within the human body
2 explain the significance of protein enzyme catalysed reactions in living systems and examine enzyme kinetics in cellular respiration
3 discuss the metabolic pathways that relate to the storage and production of cellular energy from carbohydrates, lipids and proteins and apply these to the changes in energy demand during exercise
4 describe the regulation of cellular respiration and relate this to changes in energy demand during exercise of different intensities
5 discuss cellular and metabolic adaptations and the inflammatory process due to exercise particularly in relation to adipocytes and muscle fibres
6 collect, interpret and present biochemical experimental data in a laboratory report and be able to critically discuss the findings.

On completion of this unit, students should be able to:

  1. describe the physical and chemical characteristics of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids and relate this to their function and organisation within the human body
    • GA1:
    • GA4:
  2. explain the significance of protein enzyme catalysed reactions in living systems and examine enzyme kinetics in cellular respiration
    • GA1:
    • GA4:
  3. discuss the metabolic pathways that relate to the storage and production of cellular energy from carbohydrates, lipids and proteins and apply these to the changes in energy demand during exercise
    • GA1:
    • GA4:
  4. describe the regulation of cellular respiration and relate this to changes in energy demand during exercise of different intensities
    • GA1:
    • GA4:
  5. discuss cellular and metabolic adaptations and the inflammatory process due to exercise particularly in relation to adipocytes and muscle fibres
    • GA1:
    • GA4:
  6. collect, interpret and present biochemical experimental data in a laboratory report and be able to critically discuss the findings.
    • GA1:
    • GA4:

Prescribed texts

  • I strongly recommend that you invest in a copy of this text. It is really straightforward and accessible. Weekly readings are based on this book: Mougios, V, 2006, Exercise Biochemistry, Human Kinetics, Illinois, USA. ISBN: 13:9780736056380.
Prescribed texts may change in future teaching periods.